Introduction ::JerseyBackground:Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.Geography ::JerseyLocation:Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of FranceGeographic coordinates:49 15 N, 2 10 WArea:total: 116 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 225land: 116 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about two-thirds the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:70 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nmexclusive fishing zone: 12 nmClimate:temperate; mild winters and cool summersTerrain:gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coastElevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 mhighest point: unnamed elevation 143 mNatural resources:arable landLand use:arable land: NApermanent crops: NAother: NAIrrigated land:NANatural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:NAGeography - note:largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint HelierPeople and Society ::JerseyNationality:noun: Channel Islander(s)adjective: Channel IslanderEthnic groups:Jersey 51.1%, Britons 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)Languages:English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)Religions:Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman CatholicPopulation:95,732 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 196Age structure:0-14 years: 16.1% (male 7,998/female 7,453)15-24 years: 14.9% (male 7,243/female 7,000)25-54 years: 41.5% (male 19,854/female 19,836)55-64 years: 12.1% (male 5,619/female 5,954)65 years and over: 15.4% (male 6,307/female 8,468) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 46 %youth dependency ratio: 21.8 %elderly dependency ratio: 24.2 %potential support ratio: 4.1note: data represents the Channel Islands (2013)Median age:total: 39.9 yearsmale: 37.7 yearsfemale: 41.7 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.82% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 134Birth rate:11.38 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 171Death rate:7.59 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 113Net migration rate:4.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 25Urbanization:urban population: 31% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 201male: 4.12 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 3.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 81.57 yearscountry comparison to the world: 14male: 79.13 yearsfemale: 84.15 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.66 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 174HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:NAGovernment ::JerseyCountry name:conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jerseyconventional short form: JerseyDependency status:British crown dependencyGovernment type:parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Saint Heliergeographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 Wtime difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in OctoberAdministrative divisions:none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes: Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and TrinityIndependence:none (British crown dependency)National holiday:Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)Constitution:unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practiceLegal system:the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; local statutesSuffrage:16 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir John MCCOLL (since 26 September 2011)head of government: Chief Minister Ian GORST (18 December 2011); Bailiff Michael BIRT (since 9 July 2009)cabinet: Cabinet (since December 2005)(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: ministers of the Cabinet including the chief minister are elected by the Assembly of States; the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarchLegislative branch:unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (58 seats; 53 are voting members, of which 12 are senators elected for six-year terms, 12 are constables or heads of parishes elected for three-year terms, 29 are deputies elected for three-year terms; the 5 non-voting members include the bailiff and the deputy bailiff, the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General appointed by the monarch)elections: last held on 27 April 2011 (next to be held in 2014)election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 53; note - starting with the 2014 elections, the number of Senators will be reduced to 8Judicial branch:highest court(s): Jersey Court of Appeal (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, and 12 judges and organized into Heritage, Family, Probate, and Civil and Criminal Divisions); Royal Court (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, 6 commissioners - part-time judges, and NA lay people referred to as jurats)judge selection and term of office: Jersey Court of Appeal bailiffs and judges appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; bailiffs and judges appointed for extent of good behavior; Royal Court bailiffs appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; commissioners appointed by the bailiff; jurats appointed by the Electoral College; bailiffs and commissioners appointed for extent of good behavior; jurats appointed until retirement at age 72subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Youth Court; Petty Debts Court; Parish Hall Enquires (a process of preliminary investigation into youth and minor adult offenses to determine need for presentation before a court)Political parties and leaders:two declared parties:Centre PartyJersey Democratic Alliancenote: all senators and deputies elected in 2008 were independentsPolitical pressure groups and leaders:Institute of Directors, Jersey branch (provides business support)Jersey Hospitality Association [Robert JONES] (trade association)Jersey Rights Association [David ROTHERHAM] (human rights)La Societe Jersiaise (education and conservation group)Progress Jersey [Daren O'TOOLE, Gino RISOLI] (human rights)Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticultural Society or RJA&HS (development and management of the Jersey breed of cattle)Save Jersey's Heritage (protects heritage through building preservation)Diplomatic representation in the US:none (British crown dependency)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (British crown dependency)Flag description:white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with three lions in yellow; according to tradition, the ships of Jersey - in an attempt to differentiate themselves from English ships flying the horizontal cross of St. George - rotated the cross to the ""X"" (saltire) configuration; because this arrangement still resembled the Irish cross of St. Patrick, the yellow Plantagenet crown and Jersey coat of arms were addedNational symbol(s):Jersey cowNational anthem:name: ""Isle de Siez Nous"" (Island Home)lyrics/music: Gerard LE FEUVREnote: adopted 2008; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see United Kingdom)Economy ::JerseyEconomy - overview:Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2010 the financial services sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey with the result that an electronics industry has developed, displacing more traditional industries. All raw material and energy requirements are imported as well as a large share of Jersey''s food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. In January 2013, Jersey signed a tax agreement with Guernsey and the Isle of Man, in order to enable the islands'' authorities to end tax avoidance and evasion. Living standards come close to those of the UK.GDP (purchasing power parity):$5.1 billion (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 170GDP (official exchange rate):$5.1 billion (2005 est.)GDP - real growth rate:NA%GDP - per capita (PPP):$57,000 (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 8GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 2%industry: 2%services: 96% (2010)Agriculture - products:potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy productsIndustries:tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronicsIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:53,380 (June 2012)country comparison to the world: 188Unemployment rate:1.7% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 92.2% (2006 est.)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $829 millionexpenditures: $851 million (2005)Taxes and other revenues:16.3% of GDP (2005)country comparison to the world: 186Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-0.4% of GDP (2005)country comparison to the world: 54Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):3.7% (2006)country comparison to the world: 112Market value of publicly traded shares:$NAExports:$NAExports - commodities:light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles, flowersImports:$NAImports - commodities:machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicalsDebt - external:$NAExchange rates:Jersey pounds (JEP) per US dollar0.6307 (2012)0.6236 (2011)0.6472 (2010)0.6175 (2009)0.5302 (2008)Energy ::JerseyElectricity - consumption:630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 163Communications ::JerseyTelephones - main lines in use:73,800 (2010)country comparison to the world: 156Telephones - mobile cellular:108,000 (2010)country comparison to the world: 191Telephone system:general assessment: increasingly modern system, with broadband accessdomestic: digital telephone system launch announced in 2006 now implemented; fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular density exceeds 100 per 100 personsinternational: country code - 44; submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2010)Broadcast media:multiple UK terrestrial television broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey; satellite packages available; BBC Radio Jersey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)Internet country code:.jeInternet hosts:264 (2012)country comparison to the world: 193Internet users:29,500 (2009)country comparison to the world: 182Transportation ::JerseyAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 221Airports - with paved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Roadways:total: 576 km (2010)country comparison to the world: 191Merchant marine:registered in other countries: 14 (Gibraltar 1, India 2, Marshall Islands 11) (2010)country comparison to the world: 103Ports and terminals:Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint HelierMilitary ::JerseyManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 18,688females age 16-49: 18,615 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 664female: 590 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the UKTransnational Issues ::JerseyDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.